Frequent Urination - A Brief Overview
Frequent urination is classified as the need to urinate every few hours, or over 7-10 times in 24 hours despite consuming around 2-3 litres of water.
While urination refers to the entire process by which urine is made in the kidneys, stored in the bladder and then expelled from the body. Micturition meaning ‘to have the urge to urinate’ in Latin is described as the process by which urine is expelled from the body. It is this process of micturition that is usually interrupted in a person affected by frequent urination.
It is normal for most people to have differing urinary cycles. Most people’s urine cycles range between 4 and 10 visits to the toilet in 24 hours. This depends on their diet, the amount of liquid consumed by the person, their lifestyle, whether they smoke or drink, their genetics and even the weather.
Winter is one of the most common causes of frequent urination. During winter we do not lose any water through sweat resulting in a higher load on the bladder.
Apart from this, reasons for frequent urination could be issues with the urinary apparatus (such as the bladder itself, or the muscles and the sphincter), external sources such as medicines, menopause, pregnancy, injuries, surgeries or cancer.
How to stop frequent urination thus depends on the reasons for frequent urination.
What Leads to Frequent Urination
The most common causes of frequent urination are as follows:
Consumption of too much liquid, is especially prevalent in some athletes
Consumption of too much coffee or alcohol
Both types of diabetes
Pregnancy - which causes the exertion of pressure on the bladder leading to the trickling out of urine
Blood pressure medication
Infections in the bladder and urinary tract
Other causes can include cancers, tumours in the region, radiation in the lower abdominal area, nervous system disorders or damage to the urinary tract.
Aging is also another common cause of frequent urination. As one ages, the muscles that control the opening and closing of the bladder, or the muscles that support and hold up the pelvic region may be affected, causing the bladder system to fail. Aging also results in a reduction in the production of ADH or antidiuretic hormone which can result in more frequent urination at night.
Symptoms of Frequent Urination
A person is said to be facing frequent urination if they are having to urinate more often, with shorter and shorter durations between trips to the toilet; and if the urgency to pass urine appears to be escalating.
A person with a normal urine cycle will have ample warning before the moment of urination and will not find it difficult to wait a few minutes at least before using the toilet. Further, if the person consumes 2-4 litres of water a day they should have at least 2 hours between every trip to the toilet.
The most tell-tale signs of frequent urination are as follows:
A strong urge to urinate every 30 minutes or so
A strong urge to urinate followed by a very small/negligible amount of urine
Loss of bladder control leads to bed-wetting especially at night
Pain or burning sensation while urinating
An unusual colour of urine
Difficulty in passing urine
A constant trickle of urine through the day
Risk Factors and Complications of Frequent Urination
The failure to diagnose and manage frequent urination can result in severe complications. Fairly common issues such as diabetes and kidney infection if left untreated can become life-threatening. Some risk factors and complications frequent urination if untreated can lead to, are:
Spread of cancer
The Impact of Frequent Urination on One’s Overall Wellbeing
Urination, unfortunately, remains mired in taboo and stigma even today. Urine is considered impure and the loss of urine control is ‘unbecoming’ or childlike. Several sufferers of frequent urination go through years of their life without reporting symptoms or seeking treatment.
Unfortunately, frequent urination can leave a lasting impact on the life of the sufferer, affecting their general well-being. Some of the worst effects include:
Isolation: Unable to speak to even their closest family and friends about what they are facing, sufferers turn inwards, shutting people out, living in loneliness.
Imprisoned at home: Sufferers of incontinence stop going to work or to parties, or anywhere where a toilet is not close to sight. This results in further alienation
Fear of falling: Elderly sufferers may fall down on the way to the toilet at night resulting in spine/hip injuries and even death.
Reduced water consumption: This is one of the most common effects with sufferers cutting off their water intake to manage trips to the toilet resulting, soon after in kidney issues/stones.
Shame: The shame of having to go to the toilet, again and again, wetting the bed or having to need assistance from family can be deeply disturbing for sufferers and weigh down deeply on their mental health.
It is thus recommended that one consult a doctor immediately after the start facing any of the earlier mentioned symptoms. A doctor can help patients understand how to stop frequent urination and can also help watch out for advanced symptoms such as fever, excessive hunger and thirst, abdominal swelling, unexpected weight loss or gain, vaginal or penile discharge.
How Friend’s Diaper Can Help
Friends Diapers and Dry pants are specially designed to help users combat frequent urination. These are highly absorbent, super soft and comfortable, and easy to use and dispose of so that urine leakage can be easily and effectively managed. Friends diapers are also aloe vera treated and come with anti-bacteria and odour lock technologies which make sure the user’s skin remains dry and cared for.
Our dry pants are just like underpants and have allowed several users to resume their usual lives and continue work, socialising and all that they love, as they did earlier. Using diapers can help those dealing with frequent urination live better. Help someone make a choice today! :)